The Westminster Shorter Catechism begins with the question: What is the chief end of man?
The answer: To glorying God and enjoy Him forever.
Glorifying God is the ultimate aim for everything. All other ambitions, goals, and purposes come under this one great end-- to glorify God by knowing Him, loving Him, fearing Him, honoring Him, serving Him, and delighting in Him.
Psalm 34:3 (NIV) Glorify the Lord with me; let us exalt his name together.
Psalm 57:5 (NIV) Be exalted, O God, above the heavens; let your glory be over all the earth.
Isaiah 6:1-3 (NIV) In the year that King Uzziah died, I saw the Lord seated on a throne, high and exalted, and the train of his robe filled the temple.  Above him were seraphs, each with six wings: With two wings they covered their faces, with two they covered their feet, and with two they were flying.  And they were calling to one another:
"Holy, holy, holy is the Lord Almighty;
the whole earth is full of his glory."
John 15:8 (NIV) This is to my Father's glory, that you bear much fruit, showing yourselves to be my disciples.
1 Cor. 10:31 (NIV) So whether you eat or drink or whatever you do, do it all for the glory of God.
Ephes. 1:11-12 (NIV) In him we were also chosen, having been predestined according to the plan of him who works out everything in conformity with the purpose of his will,  in order that we, who were the first to hope in Christ, might be for the praise of his glory.
Ephes. 3:20-21 (NIV) Now to him who is able to do immeasurably more than all we ask or imagine, according to his power that is at work within us,  to him be glory in the church and in Christ Jesus throughout all generations, for ever and ever! Amen.
Rev. 4:11 (NIV) "You are worthy, our Lord and God, to receive glory and honor and power, for you created all things, and by your will they were created and have their being."
Matthew 5:16 (NIV) In the same way, let your light shine before men, that they may see your good deeds and praise your Father in heaven.
Books for additional study:
Desiring God by John Piper
The Pleasures of God by John Piper
God's Passion for His Glory by John Piper
A God Entranced Vision of All Things edited by John Piper and Justin Taylor
The Holiness of God by R.C. Sproul
Knowing God by J.I. Packer
The Existence and Attributes of God by Stephen Charnock
No One Like Him: The Doctrine of God by John S. Feinberg
Our God is Awesome by Tony Evans
The Knowledge of the Holy by A.W. Tozer
Pleasures Evermore by Sam Storms